Person-to-person transmission is minimal, according to the WHO, and smallpox immunizations protects against this form of smallpox.
The first probable incidence of monkeypox in Costa Rica was confirmed this Wednesday by the Costa Rican Department of Health in a 21-year-old Norwegian tourist who’s steady and in confinement.
According to the Health minister, Joselyn Chacon, the young woman arrived in Costa Rica on May 22 with 6 other persons who are also in quarantine. They came through San José, San Carlos (north), Limón (Caribbean), and Puntarenas (Pacific). Two Costa Ricans who interacted with the Norwegians have also been detained.
The patient first developed a fever and sores on her hands five days ago, was hospitalized at a private clinic, and is now displaying mild illness signs, according to the ministry. Similarly, she stated that Minsa followed the accepted process for the treatment of this sickness and that she expects laboratory results to be available in the early days to verify or rule out the case.
Monkeypox does not spread like covid-19.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this variety of smallpox is produced by the monkeypox virus, which is spread through close contact with infected animals’ blood, bodily fluids, skin lesions, or mucous membranes.
“Many animals have been found in Africa with indications of monkeypox virus infection, including chipmunks, tree squirrels, Gambian rats, African pygmy dormouse, many kinds of apes, and others.” Rodents are the most likely major reservoir for monkeypox, despite the fact that the natural reservoir has yet to be established. He points out that “eating uncooked food as well as other animal foods from infected animals is a serious health hazard.”
Monkeypox can also be transferred, albeit in a restricted way, by direct contact with sick people via respiratory secretions, skin sores, or objects that are contaminated. In contrast to covid-19, which distributes more quickly, “transmission through respiratory secretions typically requires prolonged face-to-face interaction.”
Monkeypox is a 52-year-old disease
This is not a novel ailment, according to the Health Agency. The first epidemic occurred in Africa in 1970, and a lot of victims have been documented in that region since then. The first incidence outside was reported in the United States in 2003, and was linked to interaction with sick prairie dogs. Cases were also reported in the people who traveled from Nigeria to Israel in September 2018, the United Kingdom in September 2018, December 2019, May 2021, and May 2022, Singapore in May 2019, and the United States in July and November 2021.