A new manuscript has been accepted for publication in Zoonoses. In Ethiopia, bovine brucellosis is prevalent and widespread. Brucellosis, anthrax, Rabies, Rift Valley fever, plus highly pathogenic avian influenza are the top five zoonotic illnesses that the government plans to focus on utilising a reprioritization workshop in 2019. This means that brucellosis has been one of the top five ignored zoonotic pathogens in the nation.
Although the incidence of bovine brucellosis is high in Ethiopia, the prevalence and distribution of the disease vary greatly between areas due to differences in farming and management practises and living standards in Ethiopian communities. Significant zoonotic and economic consequences for pastoralists in remote areas are associated with this illness. A review and summary on current research (2010-2021) upon this incidence of cattle brucellosis in livestock and people in Ethiopia was thus the goal of this article.
According to the findings in this research, cases of human and bovine brucellosis have been documented from all throughout the country. Percentage levels ranged from 1.2 percent to 22.5 percent at the individual basis in the years 2010–2021; the herd level prevalence was from 3.3% to 6.86%. However, from 2006 and 2021, the seroprevalence rate for human brucellosis ranged from 2.15 percent to 48.3 percent.
This rise is a strong indicator of the disease’s potential threat to the United States in the future. However, there is a lack of regulatory methods and public awareness. For this reason, preventative and regulatory laws, community awareness, more studies to give collated information for understanding dynamic behavior of the disease, and ongoing evaluation are all necessary.