Understanding Psoriasis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment - Learn about the autoimmune disorder that causes thick, red plaques on the skin, along with the risk factors, signs, symptoms, and various treatment options available for managing psoriasis. Seek medical advice for proper treatment and find support through online groups.

Medriva Correspondents
Updated On
New Update

Understanding Psoriasis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder that causes skin cells to grow too quickly and build up into thick, red plaques. This overproduction of skin cells forms a thick, patchy, scaly layer of cells on the body, which can cause itching, burning, and joint pain. Scientists are still investigating the exact cause of psoriasis, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

Understanding the Risk Factors for Psoriasis


While the exact cause of psoriasis is not yet known, there are certain factors that can increase the risk of developing the condition. These factors include family history, stress, smoking, alcohol, cold weather, and trauma to the skin. Some medications, such as lithium and beta-blockers may also trigger a psoriasis flare-up.

Identifying the Signs and Symptoms of Psoriasis

The most common signs of psoriasis are raised, inflamed, red patches of skin covered with silvery white scales. The plaques can be found on any area of the body, including the back, arms, legs, scalp, and face. Psoriasis is also characterized by itching, burning, swelling, and pain at the affected sites. Some people may also experience cracked skin that may bleed as a result of the condition.


Exploring Treatment Options for Psoriasis

Treatment for psoriasis depends on its severity and may include topical medications, light therapy, biologics, and systemic medications. Topical medications, such as steroid creams, shampoos, and ointments, are generally used for mild cases of psoriasis. Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, can be used to reduce inflammation and improve skin cell production. Biologics are newer medications that target parts of the immune system thought to be involved in the development of psoriasis. Systemic medications are usually prescribed for severe cases and can include oral or injectable medications.

Although there is currently no cure for psoriasis, the condition can be managed with lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding triggers and stress, avoiding alcohol, and leading a healthy lifestyle. There are also a number of online support groups dedicated to helping people manage their psoriasis. If you think you may have psoriasis, it is important to seek medical advice to begin proper treatment.

Chat with Dr. Medriva !