Prevention & Control

Functional neurologic disorder/conversion disorder

  • Written by

    Medriva

  • Published on

    16 Jun 2023

A Comprehensive Guide to Functional Neurologic Disorder

Introduction

Functional Neurologic Disorder (FND) is a medical condition, which is characterized by physical symptoms, such as dizziness and unexplained movement, which cannot be explained by structural or metabolic abnormalities, and is a result of chronic stress and other psychological factors. FND is also known as Conversion Disorder, Hysterical Neurosis or Functional Psychosomatic Disorder.

Symptoms

FND is associated with the following symptoms:

  • Balance, coordination and movement disorders, such as difficulty walking, tremor, and excessive or unusual movements
  • Sensory disturbances, such as numbness and tingling of the extremities
  • Bladder and bowel problems, such as incontinence, constipation and urinary retention
  • Loss of speech or the ability to understand language
  • Anxiety, psychological distress, and emotional distress
  • Seizures
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Memory impairments

Diagnosis

FND is usually diagnosed by ruling out other medical conditions that could be causing the symptoms. This can include a physical exam, MRI, CT scan, and a host of lab tests. Depending on the case, a psychological assessment may be needed as well. Treatment is aimed at relieving the symptoms and providing psychological and emotional support.

Treatment

FND is largely a psychological disorder, and so the main treatments revolve around psychological therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, counseling, and psychotherapy. A multidisciplinary approach is often taken, involving psychological, medical, and functional therapy. Further treatment may also be suggested, such as medication, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and nutrition. The ultimate goal is to help the individual manage the disorder and gain better control of their life and physical symptoms.

Prognosis

The prognosis for FND is generally good when the individual follows the treatment plan. However, there is no guarantee of a cure, and some people may suffer from effects long-term. It is important to note that the condition is manageable, and that there are ways to help cope with the disorder and manage the symptoms.

Conclusion

Functional Neurologic Disorder can be a difficult condition to have, but with the right diagnosis, treatment and support, many individuals can lead fulfilling lives. It is important to understand FND, as it can have a huge impact on an individual’s quality of life. With the right knowledge and measures, individuals can take control of their FND and continue to live their lives to the fullest.

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Medriva

Medriva, an exceptional storyteller and celebrated journalist, remains unwavering in her commitment to amplify the voices of individuals impacted by vital societal issues. As a passionate climate champion, Aqsa skillfully utilizes her influential platform to stimulate positive change, cultivating awareness and mobilizing collaborative endeavors to confront the worldwide challenges that unite us all.

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