Prevention & Control

Autoimmune hepatitis

  • Written by

    Medriva

  • Published on

    16 Jun 2023

Autoimmune Hepatitis: Know The Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Introduction

Autoimmune hepatitis is a rare disorder in which the body attacks the liver cells, causing inflammation and eventually leading to cirrhosis and liver failure. This type of hepatitis is a chronic condition that requires lifelong treatment. Fortunately, with the right treatment, people with this disease can still expect to lead a full and healthy life.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Itching
  • Fluid retention

Other non-specific signs and symptoms may include muscle and joint pain, weight loss, low-grade fever, easy bruising or bleeding, dark-colored urine, and light-colored stool. In some cases, jaundice and other signs of liver failure may develop after the disease has been present for some time.

Causes

The exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is not yet known. However, it is believed that genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors may contribute to its development. A family history of autoimmune disorders, certain viral and bacterial infections, certain medications, and alcohol use have been linked to an increased risk of developing autoimmune hepatitis.

Diagnosis

Doctors can diagnose autoimmune hepatitis by performing a physical exam and various laboratory tests, such as blood tests and liver function tests. These examinations and tests help to confirm the diagnosis, determine the extent of the disease, and identify other possible underlying conditions.

Treatment

Treatment for autoimmune hepatitis includes medications to suppress the immune system, such as corticosteroids, azathioprine, methotrexate, and rituximab. Depending on the patient’s condition, a doctor may recommend other treatments, such as diet and lifestyle modifications, and additional medications to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms. In more severe cases, a liver transplant may be necessary.

Prevention

Since the exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is still unknown, it is impossible to absolutely prevent the disease. However, there are several steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing autoimmune hepatitis, including avoiding alcohol, regular exercise, and eating a healthy diet. It is also important to get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B viruses, since these two viruses are known to increase the risk of developing autoimmune hepatitis.

Conclusion

Autoimmune hepatitis is a serious condition that can lead to liver failure if left untreated. Although the exact cause of the disease is still unknown, there are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing the disease. Fortunately, with the right treatment, it is possible to control the disease and prevent further damage to the liver.

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Medriva

Medriva, an exceptional storyteller and celebrated journalist, remains unwavering in her commitment to amplify the voices of individuals impacted by vital societal issues. As a passionate climate champion, Aqsa skillfully utilizes her influential platform to stimulate positive change, cultivating awareness and mobilizing collaborative endeavors to confront the worldwide challenges that unite us all.

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