Prevention & Control

Autism spectrum disorder

  • Written by

    Medriva

  • Published on

    16 Jun 2023

Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder

What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulty communicating and interacting with the world. It affects about one in every 59 children in the United States and is more prevalent in boys than girls. People with autism may experience problems with understanding facial expressions, social cues, and body language; difficulties with communication and interactions with others; and/or repetitive behaviors.

Symptoms

The symptoms of autism can range from mild to severe and can vary depending on the person. They can include difficulty with communication, difficulty understanding and relating to people, difficulty in social situations, difficulty expressing emotions, difficulty with problem-solving, sensory sensitivities, repetitive behaviors, and difficulty adapting to change. People with autism may be more likely to experience anxiety, depression, sensory processing disorder (SPD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Causes

The exact cause of autism is unknown, but there is likely a combination of genetic, environmental, and developmental factors at play. Studies have found that autism is four times more likely to be found in siblings of those with autism and five times more likely in identical twins, suggesting a strong genetic component. Other potential causes of autism could include exposure to certain viruses or toxins before birth or during early childhood.

Diagnosis

To be diagnosed with autism, a person must display certain behaviors that are defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). A diagnosis for autism typically begins with a detailed assessment by a health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. This assessment typically takes into account the person’s developmental history, physical and mental health, and any behaviors, interests, and activities they may display.

Treatments

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for autism and treatment is often tailored to the individual. Treatment plans may include various therapies, such as speech, occupational, physical, and behavioral; medications; supplements; and/or lifestyle modification. The goal of treatment is to help the individual learn skills that can be used in everyday life and to minimize any difficulty they may have with functioning.

Having a better understanding of autism can be helpful for family members, caregivers, and healthcare providers. While there currently is no cure for autism, early diagnosis and intervention can help to improve the quality of life for individuals with ASD. It is important to talk to a healthcare provider to explore the best treatment and support options for someone with autism spectrum disorder.

0
0

Medriva

Medriva, an exceptional storyteller and celebrated journalist, remains unwavering in her commitment to amplify the voices of individuals impacted by vital societal issues. As a passionate climate champion, Aqsa skillfully utilizes her influential platform to stimulate positive change, cultivating awareness and mobilizing collaborative endeavors to confront the worldwide challenges that unite us all.

Comments

Most trending

@medriva 21 Sep 2023
Sweet and Beneficial: Exploring the Health Benefits of Cane Syrup

Made from raw sugarcane juice, cane syrup is a popular sweetener used in many cuisines around the world. While it's known for its rich, robust...

@medriva 21 Sep 2023
Sleep Stealers: Common Foods That Could be Disrupting Your Slumbe

Food is a powerful catalyst that impacts almost every aspect of our lives, including one of our most essential needs: sleep. What we consume before...

Dr. Medriva

Today

Hey!👋
I’m Dr. Medriva, and I can give you personal health recommendations, analyze your symptoms and much more.
Ask me anything or choose the request in shortcuts!

Chat with AI Assistant

Dr. Medriva

Today

Hey!👋
I’m Dr. Medriva, and I can give you personal health recommendations, analyze your symptoms and much more.
Ask me anything or choose the request in shortcuts!

Recommended