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Xyzal, also known as Cough And Cold Combinations (Oral Route)

Xyzal: All You Need to Know about Cough And Cold Combinations. Xyzal is an over-the-counter medication used to relieve symptoms of colds, flu, and hay fever. This combination drug contains antihistamines, decongestants, antitussives, expectorants, analgesics, and anticholinergics. Learn about its ingredients, dosage forms, and precautions. Consult a doctor for the right dosage and form suitable for your condition. Avoid giving OTC cough and cold medicine to children under 4 years of age.

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Xyzal: All You Need to Know about Cough And Cold Combinations

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Introduction

Xyzal, also known as Cough And Cold Combinations (Oral Route), is a combination of several drugs that are used for relieving the symptoms of colds, flu, and hay fever. It contains a combination of antihistamines, decongestants, antitussives, expectorants, analgesics and anticholinergics. Cough/cold combinations are mainly used to relieve the cough due to colds, influenza, or hay fever, and is not meant to be used for chronic coughs that are caused by smoking, asthma, or emphysema.

US and Canadian Brand Name

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Xyzal is available in the US and Canada under several names some of which are Ala-Hist AC, Ala-Hist DHC, Alavert-D 12-Hour, Aldex D, Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold and Sinus, AllanVan-S, Allegra, Allegra-D, Aller-Chlor, Allerx-D, Allfen CD Allres PD, Amibid LA, Benadryl, BPM Pseudo, Bromcomp HC, Bromfed-PD, BroveX CB, By-Ache, Canges-HC, Ceron, Ceron-DM, Chlor-Trimeton Nasal Decongestant, Clarinex-D, Codimal DHC, Cotab AC, Cotabflu, Cypex-LA, Deconamine SR, Delsym, Dexphen wC, Donatussin DC, Donnatussin, D-Tann HC, EndaCof-DC, FluTuss XP, Genapap Sinus, G Phen DM HC Tussive, Histex PD, Humibid DM, Hycodan, Hycofenix, Hydone, HyTan, Kie, Levall 12, Lusonal, Maxiflu CD, Maxiphen CD, M-End Max DM, Mucinex D, Nasop, Notuss-Forte, Notuss-NX, Notuss-NXD, Novahistine DHP, Pancof HC, Pediatex 12, Pediatex 12D, Pediatex 12DM, Pediatex-D, Phenergan wCodeine, Phenflu CD, Phenylephrine CM, Phenylhistine, Poly-Tussin AC, Poly-Tussin DHC, Pro-Clear AC, Promethazine VC With Codeine, Pro-Red AC, RelaTuss HC, Robitussin, Robitussin DM, Ryneze, Semprex-DS, SKI, Stahist, Sudafed, SymTan, SymTan A, Tanafed DMX, Tannate Pediatric, Tessalon Perles, Triacin C, Tricold Pediatric Drops, Tripohist D, Tussi-12 S, TussiCaps, Tuzistra XR, Tylenol, Uni-Tann D, Vituz, Xpect-PE, Xyzal, Y-Cof DM, Z-COF DM, Zhist, Zodryl AC 25, Zotex-D, Zymine, Zymine HC, and ZyrTEC-D.

Ingredients and Dosage forms

Xyzal is made up of different ingredients, including antihistamines, decongestants, antitussives, expectorants, analgesics and anticholinergics.

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Antihistamines

Antihistamines are used to relieve or prevent the symptoms of hay fever and other types of allergy. They also help relieve some symptoms of the common cold, such as sneezing and runny nose. Examples of antihistamines found in this combination are Bromodiphenhydramine, Brompheniramine, Carbinoxamine, Chlorpheniramine, Dexchlorpheniramine, Diphenhydramine, Doxylamine, Phenindamine, Pheniramine, Phenyltoloxamine, Pyrilamine, Promethazine, and Triprolidine.

Decongestants

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Decongestants produce a narrowing of blood vessels which leads to clearing of nasal congestion. Examples of decongestants found in this combination are Ephedrine, Phenylephrine, and Pseudoephedrine.

Antitussives

Antitussives help relieve coughing. Narcotics may become habit-forming, causing mental or physical dependence if used for a long time. Examples of antitussives found in this combination are Codeine, Dihydrocodeine, Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Carbetapentane, Caramiphen, and Dextromethorphan.

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Expectorants

Expectorants work by loosening the mucus or phlegm in the lungs. The main expectorant used in cough and cold medicines is guaifenesin. Other ingredients such as ammonium chloride, calcium iodide, iodinated glycerol, ipecac, potassium guaiacolsulfonate, potassium iodide, and sodium citrate are sometimes added as expectorants, but their effectiveness is still questionable.

Analgesics

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Analgesics are used to help relieve the aches and pain that may occur with the common cold. Examples of analgesics found in this combination are Acetaminophen, Aspirin, and Salicylates such as Salicylamide and Sodium Salicylate.

Anticholinergics

Anticholinergics such as Homatropine may help to produce a drying effect in the nose and chest.

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Xyzal is available in a variety of dosage forms. These include solution, tablet, chewable tablet, extended release tablet, extended release 24h tablet, extended release 12h tablet, syrup, liquid, capsule, elixir, suspension, extended release, lozenge/troche, effervescent tablet, packet, powder for solution, and film.

Precautions

It is important to select a product that is best for your symptoms and contains only those medicines you really need. Before using this medication, it is important to consult a doctor to know the right dosage and form of Xyzal suitable for your condition. Do not give any over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicine to a baby or child under 4 years of age. Using these medicines in very young children might cause serious or possibly life-threatening side effects.

Conclusion

Xyzal is an over-the-counter drug combination that is used for relieving the symptoms of colds, flu, and hay fever. It contains a combination of antihistamines, decongestants, antitussives, expectorants, analgesics and anticholinergics. Although Xyzal is available without a prescription, it is important to speak to a doctor before taking the medication to ensure its suitability in terms of dosage and form as per your condition. Do not give any OTC cough and cold medicine to children below 4 years of age.

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