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Understanding Hyper-salivation: Causes and Management of Excessive Saliva

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Medriva Correspondents
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Understanding Hyper-salivation: Causes and Management of Excessive Saliva

Understanding Hyper-salivation: Causes and Management of Excessive Saliva

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Excessive saliva, known medically as 'sialorrhea' or 'hypersalivation', can sometimes be a challenging condition to manage. Several factors can contribute to excessive saliva, ranging from underlying health conditions to lifestyle changes. Fortunately, most reasons are not a major cause for concern and can be managed effectively with the right approach.

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What Causes Excessive Saliva?

1. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

One of the foremost causes of excessive salivation is GERD. It's a digestive disorder that affects the ring of muscles between your esophagus and stomach, causing heartburn and the production of excessive saliva as your body's response to neutralize stomach acid.

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2. Pregnancy

'Ptyalism gravidarum' is the medical term for excessive salivation during pregnancy. Hormonal fluctuations and nausea often lead to increased saliva production in pregnant women, particularly during the first trimester.

3. Certain Medications

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Some medications and substances can stimulate saliva production. These include tranquilizers, antipsychotic medications, and drugs used to treat Parkinson’s disease.

4. Oral Infections

Oral infections and mouth ulcers can lead to increased salivation. This is the body's natural defense mechanism to keep the mouth moist and reduce infections.

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5. Specific Health Conditions

Several health conditions like Parkinson's disease, stroke, and Bell's palsy can cause a malfunction in the muscles controlling saliva release, leading to excessive or uncontrolled drooling.

Managing Excessive Saliva

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Effective management of excessive saliva involves identifying and addressing its root cause. In the case of GERD, dietary changes and medications can help manage symptoms. Pregnant women with ptyalism can often find relief by frequently drinking water and avoiding trigger foods. If medications are causing excessive saliva, speak with your doctor about alternative treatments.

The Importance of Oral Hygiene

It's important to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing twice daily, flossing, and using a mouthwash. Regular dental visits should also be part of your oral hygiene routine as they can help detect and rectify oral infections early, preventing excessive salivation due to these conditions.

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Having excessive saliva can feel uncomfortable and impact your quality of life, but there’s plenty of advice and aid to help manage this challenge. And remember, should you have any concerns about your oral health, always consult with your dentist or doctor.

Conclusion

Excessive salivation can be caused by a variety of factors, including GERD, pregnancy, certain medications, oral infections, and neuromuscular diseases. Managing the condition involves diagnosing the root cause and addressing it effectively. Good oral hygiene is a significant part of managing and preventing excessive saliva.

Pregnancy Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Hypersalivation Oral Infections
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