Eritrea administration’s development goals were outlined in the National Charter of 1994. “The Republic of Eritrea’s objective is to eradicate hunger, poverty, and illiteracy.” We want Eritrea to achieve three things: keep its identity and distinguish itself from other countries; foster a strong feeling of community and family, and join the developed world in terms of economic, educational, and technical advancement.”
The notion of self-reliance, which eliminates costly structural dependency, is central to Eritrea’s development approach. In other words, only by building on this firm foundation will the SDGs be realized. Many challenges remain, but significant progress has been made, with more to come.
Despite many hurdles, Eritrea has made significant progress in several areas of development. According to a 2015 review of the Millennium Development Goals, certain goals have been met, while others have made progress (MDGs). In Eritrea, success stories abound, but the most common focus is on improving the country’s overall health. Eritrea’s attainment of the MDGs has been regarded as remarkable in several areas, with valuable lessons to be learned.
The infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births was 9 in 1990 and 37 in 2012. The infant mortality rate fell from 150 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 50 fatalities per 1,000 live births in 2013. As a result, Eritrea attained and exceeded its MDG 4 target of 425 per 100,000 live births in 2013.
The general state of people’s health has also significantly improved. According to the Ministry of Health, maternal death rates have dropped by 82% since 1990. (MoH).
In 2019, competent healthcare providers cared for 71 percent of babies, up from 62 per cent in 2017. According to 2020 reports, there will be a 4.5 per cent annual fall in under-five mortality between 1990 and 2020, making it one of the world’s fastest drops.
Tuberculosis, malaria, and other tropical diseases have all declined considerably. According to the Ministry of Health, since 1998, tuberculosis infections have reduced by 6% per year, while malaria prevalence has decreased from 157 cases per 1,000 people in 1998 to 18 cases per 1,000 people in 2018. After attaining the majority of the health MDGs, the MoH used the MDGs as a springboard to continue its still-unfinished march toward fulfilling the SDGs. The COVID-19 problem has demanded greater attention during the last three years.