The Role of Physical Activity in Reducing Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in Overweight and Diabetic Adults

Zara Nwosu
New Update

The Role of Physical Activity in Reducing Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in Overweight and Diabetic Adults

The Impact of Obesity and Diabetes on Chronic Kidney Disease

Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are often associated with the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In fact, recent studies have shown a significant association between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and the risk of CKD in adults with overweight/obesity and T2D. Given the increasing prevalence of obesity and diabetes worldwide, understanding potential preventative measures for CKD is essential.

The Power of Physical Activity

Physical activity, particularly MVPA, has been proven to be a powerful tool in combating the risks associated with obesity and diabetes. A study involving 1,746 overweight/obese adults with type 2 diabetes found that higher levels of MVPA were linked to a lower risk of developing CKD, regardless of the duration of each bout of physical activity. Even more promising, boosting the weekly tally of MVPA by just over an hour was associated with a 33% reduction in the risk of CKD. This underscores the potential renal benefits of maintaining a high level of MVPA for individuals with T2D and overweight/obesity.

Aiming for 67 Minutes of MVPA Daily

The same study recommends maintaining a high level of MVPA, with a goal of doing 67 minutes of MVPA daily, 7 days a week. That amounts to 469 minutes a week to reduce the risk for CKD progression. Another interesting finding, for every additional 100 minutes of MVPA per week, the risk of CKD decreased, with hazard ratios of 0.91 for cumulative average MVPA and 0.81 for MVPA in longer bouts. Even small increases in weekly physical activity minutes were linked to a 33% reduction in the risk of developing chronic kidney disease.

Implications for Obesity Management and Diabetes Care

This research has significant implications for obesity management and diabetes care. The potential renal benefits of maintaining a high level of MVPA should not be overlooked. Therefore, regular physical activity should be considered an essential part of managing diabetes and obesity. It is also important to note that this research supports the potential benefits of digital health interventions in promoting physical activity.

The Bigger Picture: Physical Activity and University Students

While this research primarily focused on overweight and obese adults with T2D, the benefits of physical activity extend to other populations as well. A systematic review and meta-analysis study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of physical activity interventions in promoting physical activity among university students. The results indicated a significant increase in total physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and step counts at post-intervention compared to control groups. This demonstrates that physical activity interventions can have broad, positive effects across different populations.

Concluding Thoughts: The Way Forward

These findings highlight the importance of incorporating physical activity into daily routines, not just for overweight or obese individuals with diabetes, but for everyone. Aiming for 67 minutes of MVPA daily can significantly reduce the risk of CKD and improve overall health. As we move forward, it is crucial to continue promoting physical activity as a key component in managing chronic diseases and enhancing overall health.